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Basic boot flags for any Macintosh System or Hackintosh Systems

Booting up your Hackintosh for the first time is very complex process which often requires special boot option through the boot flag.Boot flag is a the predefine keyword by apple developer to troubleshoot there hardware with respect to software and there just are “arguments” (pieces of input data that you enter) to change the way that your boot loader runs. The boot loader is the program that boots Mac OS X like Chameleon,Chimera and Clover

“GraphicsEnabler=Yes” This is needed for Intel HD 4000 installation.

“GraphicsEnabler=Yes” This is needed for AMD 7xxx series graphics

“cpus=1” This may be needed for some 2011 socket  motherboards and some laptop
 computers. TSC Sync should be selected for those 2011 Socket motherboards during install.

“UseKernelCache=No” This command is needed for computers that freeze at any point
 (including “PCI Configuration Begin” line) or computers that act weird this can be a CMOS reset or ignoring other SATA ports issue.By entering this command, ElliottRTC.kext and modified IOPCIFamily.kext will be loaded during install.

“-v” Verbose mode. (Basically tells you wants happening during boot up.)

“-x” Safe mode (Basically boots your system with the bare minimum kexts.)

“-s” = Single user mode,Command line only mode.and also Allows  you to run commands as root to fix system.

“-F” = Ignore boot setting in Boot.plist and Ignore cache 

“USBBusFix=Yes” This option is to fix USB related issues of some motherboards that  can cause freeze or USB ports to fail.

“UHCIReset=Yes ” / “USBLegacyOff=Yes ” This flags are also fix USB related issue.

“npci=0x2000” / “npci=0x3000” this flag is generally used when computers freeze on
“[ PCI Configuration Begin ]” 

nvda_drv=1” This flag is basically use the NVIDIA Cuda/Web driver instead of OS X Native driver 

nvda_drv=0” This flag is basically use the OS X Native driver instead of NVIDIA Cuda/Web driver 

“ATIConfig=xx” “xx” is the ATI frame buffer name
 for target model (search it on google). 
 This may be needed for some Intel HD 4000 + ATI GPU

“kext-dev-mode=1” this flag is necessary in OS X 10.10 Yosemite without of it you will never get installation screen.

“-xcpm” This flag is use to read the mac_kernel to newer Haswell processors to avoid instant reboot basically this solve mismatched error of the P-state and C-state

“-force64” this flag is use to boot x86_64 mode in other words by using this we can boot our OS X directly in 64 bit mode (usable in only 10.6.X to10.7.X) because (10.8.X to 10.10 this are support only 64 bit)

“arch=i386” this flag use to boot in x86 (64 bit) mode.

About the author

Pratik N Borkar

Every one Call him a Freak Smartass as tittle but no one knows that he is Avid Apple Fan & Technophilic who passionate about new techno kind a stuff and Apple's new creation like OS X and iOS ,Also He would like to share blog with useful tips,techniques and resources for Hackintosh and Macintosh for Apple addicts.